Nobel Laureates through Crystallography
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Crystallography has been (and still remains) one of the most multidisciplinary sciences that links together frontier areas of research and has, directly or indirectly, produced the largest number of Nobel Laureates throughout history.

Up to now 29 Prizes for 48 Laureates...

  1. 2013, Chemistry, M. Karplus, M. Levitt, A. Warshel.  For the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
  1. 2012, Chemistry, R.J. Lefkowitz, B.K. Kobilka. Structure and function of G-protein-coupled receptors
  1. 2011, Chemistry, D. Shechtman. Discovery of quasicrystals
  1. 2010Physics, A. Geim, K. NovoselovGroundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene
  1. 2009, Chemistry, V. Ramakrishnan, T.A. Steitz, Ada E. YonathStudies of the structure and function of the ribosome
  1. 2006, Chemistry, R. Kornberg.  Studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription
  1. 2003, Chemistry, R. MacKinnonDiscoveries concerning channels in cell membranes
  1. 1997, Chemistry, P.D. Boyer, J.E. Walker, J.C. SkouElucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+-ATPase
  1. 1996, Chemistry, R. Curl, H. Kroto, R. SmalleyDiscovery of fullerenes
  1. 1994Physics, C. Shull, N. BrockhousePioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter
  1. 1992Physics, G.  CharpakInvention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber
  1. 1991Physics, P-G de GennesDiscovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers
  1. 1988, Chemistry, J. Deisenhofer, R. Huber, H. MichelThe determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre
  1. 1985Chemistry, H. Hauptman, J. KarleOutstanding achievements in the development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures
  1. 1982Chemistry, A. KlugDevelopment of crystallographic electron microscopy and structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes
  1. 1976Chemistry, W.N. LipscombStudies on the structure of boranes illuminating problems of chemical bonding
  1. 1972Chemistry, C.B. AnfinsenWork on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation
  1. 1964Chemistry, D. HodgkinDeterminations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances
  1. 1962Chemistry, J.C. Kendrew, M. Perutz. Studies of the structures of globular proteins
  1. 1962Physiology or Medicine, F. Crick, J. Watson, M. WilkinsDiscoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material
  1. 1954, Chemistry, L.C. PaulingResearch into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances
  1. 1946, Chemistry, J.B. SumnerDiscovery that enzymes can be crystallized
  1. 1937, Physics, C.J. Davisson, G. ThompsonExperimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals
  1. 1936, Chemistry, P. Josephus Wilhelmus Debye. Contributions to our knowledge of molecular structure through investigations on dipole moments and on the diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases
  1. 1929, Physics, L-V de BroglieDiscovery of the wave nature of electrons
  1. 1917Physics, C. Glover Barkla. Discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements
  1. 1915, Physics, W.H. Bragg, W.L. BraggServices in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays
  1. 1914Physics, M.  von LaueDiscovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals
  1. 1901Physics, W.C. RöntgenExtraordinary services rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him

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